The Prophet’s (saw) weapons & furniture
Something that is not talked about , especially in our day & age of extreme materialism.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, had nine swords. He inherited Ma’thur from his father, and it was the first sword he ever owned. He also possessed al-‘Idhb and dhul-fiqhar or dhul-faqhar, which did not leave his sight. Dhul-Fiqar had a hilt, circular guard, tuft, buckles and a base made of silver. He also had al-Qhal’ii, al-Battar, al-Hatf, ar-Rawb, al-Mukhdham and al-Qhadhib, which had a base made of silver and silver circular hand guards. The Prophet, upon whom be peace, acquired Dhul-Fiqar during the battle of Badr, and saw a dream about it1; when he entered Makkah during al-Fath, his sword was beautified with gold and silver.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, had seven pieces of armour: Dhatul-Fudhul, which he later on pawned with Abu ash-Sha’hm, a Jew, in return for some barley, thirty sa’ (weights pertaining to foodstuff) for his family.2 The debt was for a year. Dhatul-Fudhul was made of iron. The Prophet, upon whom be peace, also had Dhatul-Wisha’h, Dhatul-Hawashi, as-Sa’diyyah, Fidh-Dhah, al-Batra and al-Khirniqh.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, owned six bows, az-Zawra, ar-Raw’ha, as-Safra, al-Baydha, as-Saddad and al-Katum, which was broke during the battle of ‘Uhud. Qatadah ibn an-Nu’man (radiallahu ‘anhu) took al-Katum.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, had a quiver called, al-Kafur, and a strap (belt quiver) for it made from tanned skin, as well as, three silver circular rings, a buckle and an edge made of silver. We should state that Ibn Taymiyyah, Shaykh ul-Islam, said that there are no authentic narrations that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, ever wore a strap around his waist.
The Prophet, upon whom be peace, had several shields, az-Zaluqh, al-Futaqh and another one that he was given as a gift that had a painting of a statue on. It was said that the Prophet, peace be upon him, placed his hand on the statue and Allah, the Most High, made it fade away.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, owned five spears, such as al-Muthwi and al-Muthni. He had a lance called, an-Nab’ah and a bigger lance called, al-Baidha. He had a short lance like a staff called, ‘Anazah, which he held while attending the ‘Eid festivals and used to place in front of him when he led the prayer, using it for sutrah.3 Sometimes, the Prophet, upon whom be peace, walked while holding the ‘Anazah.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, had a helmet made of iron, called al-Muwash-Sha’h, which was adorned with copper, and another helmet, called as-Sabugh or Dhus-Sabugh.
The Prophet, peace be upon him, had three Jubbah (thawbs, or garments or long shirts) that he wore during battle, one of them was said to be made of fine green silk brocade, or sarcenet. It is well known that ‘Urwah ibn az-Zubayr had a yalmaqh, meaning qaba’ (outer garment) made of dibaj (silk brocade) with embroidery made of fine green silk. ‘Urwah used to wear it during war. Ahmad stated that it is allowed to wear silk during war.
The Prophet, upon whom be peace, had a black banner or flag called, al-‘Uqhab. Abu Dawud4 collected a hadith in his Sunan from one of the companions who said:
“I saw the Prophet’s banner, it was yellow.”
The Prophet, upon whom be peace, also had white banners that were sometimes mixed with black.5
The Prophet, upon whom be peace, had a pavilion called, al-Kann an a Mi’hjan (crosier or crook) one cubit long, or longer, that he would carry while walking or riding. When riding his camel, he would hang the crosier before him. The Prophet, peace be upon him, had a mikhsarah (baton or wand) called al-‘Arjun and a staff called al-Mamshuqh. It was said that this is the same staff that the Caliphs, succeeding the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to hold in their hands.
Moreover, the Prophet, peace be upon him, had a cup called ar-Rayyan and also al-Mughni, and another cup with a silver chain around it.6 He had a glass cup and another made of wood, which he placed under his bed to urinate in it at night. He had a pot called as-Sadir and an earthenware pot made of stone [in which he poured water] to use for wudhu’ (ablution).7 He, peace be upon him, had a copper mikhdhab (painted stove pot)8, a vessel called as-sa’ah, a basin or washtub made of brass and a perfume vessel. He had a container in which he placed his mirror and comb, which was made of ivory, otherwise called ‘Aaj or adh-Dhabl. He had a kohl (eastern eyeliner) dispenser, which he used thrice in each eye before he went to sleep, using kohl called ithmid (antimony). In the same container [along with the comb and mirror], he, peace be upon him, also kept the scissors and his siwak (a tree branch used as a tooth cleanser).
The Prophet, upon whom be peace, had a bowl called al-Gharra, which he had four rings that four men would hold to carry it. He had a sa’ (measure, or weight), mudd (half bushel, a dry measure) and a qatifah (velvet). He had a bed with a frame made of saj (teak), a gift from As’ad ibn Zurarah. He had a mattress of adam (dyed skin or dermis), filled with fibres.
These are the types of weapons and furniture the Prophet, peace be upon him, had that were mentioned in various narrations.
(s) Za’ad al-Ma’ad fi Hadyi Khayri-l ‘Ibad